TURKISH-SOMALI RELATIONS: CHANGING STATE IDENTITY AND FOREIGN POLICY

Abdurrahim Siradag

Abstract


This article will examine the driving dynamics behind the increasing relations between Turkey and Somalia. Turkey has been an important actor on the African politics since the AK Party (Justice and Development Party) came to power in 2002. For instance, while Turkey only had 12 embassies across the continent until 2005, it currently has 35. Turkey is today among the countries in the world having one of the most diplomatic missions on the African continent. Turkey’s economic relations with the continent have also changed significantly. Whereas Turkey’s total trade with Africa was 2 billion dollars in 2005, it is presently about 22 billion dollars. Importantly, Turkey is aiming to increase her total trade with Africa up to 50 billion dollars until 2020. Furthermore, Turkish NGOs are actively involved in many humanitarian projects in the different African countries. Turkey has particularly paid a great deal of attention to increasing political, economic and social relations with Somalia during the AK Party government. This article argues that the AK Party has been establishing a new foreign policy identity and transforming the parameters of the traditional Turkish foreign policy through the social interactions with Somalia.

Keywords


AK Party, Turkey, Somalia, Africa, Foreign Policy, Politics, Economics, History.

Full Text:

PDF

References


AFAD (2013). Idare Faaliyet Raporu 2013, pp. 1-17, 7 August 2015,

https://www.afad.gov.tr/Dokuman/TR/71-2014052014474-afadfaaliyetraporu2013.pdf

“Afrika’daki Osmanli Mirasi Koruma Altinda”, Yenisafak, 24 July 2015, http://www.yenisafak.com/aktuel/afrikadaki-osmanli-mirasi-koruma-altinda-384385

Akpinar, P. (2013). Turkey’s Peacebuilding in Somalia: The Limits of Humanitarian

Diplomacy. Turkish Studies, Vol. 14, No 4, pg. 740.

Ali, A. (2011). Turkey’s Foray into Africa: A New Humanitarian Power? Insight Turkey, Vol. 13, No. 4, pg.70.

“Ankara’da Tarihi Somali Zirvesi”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, 16 June 2015, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/ankara-da-tarihi-somali-zirvesi-somali-ve-somaliland-cumhurbaskanlari-ankara-da-biraraya-geldi.tr.mfa

“Basbakan Erdogan TİKA’nin 5 Projesinin Açilisini Yapti,” Haber7, 9 July 2015, http://www.haber7.com/guncel/haber/1159400-basbakan-erdogan-tikanin-5-projesinin-acilisini-yapti

“Basbakan Somali’de,” Sabah, 4 March 2015, http://www.sabah.com.tr/dunya/2011/08/19/basbakan-somalide

“Bekir Bozdag Somali’de”, İHA, 1 June 2015, http://www.iha.com.tr/haber-bekir-bozdag-somalide-235332/

Bingol, O. (2013). Turkey’s Role in Somali’s Peace and Development Process. Akademik Bakis, Vol. 7, No 13, pg. 100.

“Cibuti’deki Osmanlı İzleri Yenilenecek”, TİKA, 29 July 2015, http://www.tika.gov.tr/tr/haber/ cibuti_deki_osmanli_izleri_yenilenecek-14830

Daly, J. C. K. (2013). Turkey’s Undersea Marmaray Railway Tunnel Unites Europe, Asia, 26 May 2015, http://www.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=41551&no_cache=1#.VfgHZn1EyM8

“Disisleri Bakanı Davutoglu Londra’da Duzenlenen Somali Konferansina Katildi, 12 June 2015”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/disisleri-bakani-davutoglu-londra_da-duzenlenen-somali-konferansi_na-katildi.tr.mfa

Elsergany, R. (2011). Erdogan Visits Famine-Hit Somalia, 18 May 2015, http://islamstory.com/fr/node/31273

Erdogan, R.T. (2011). The Tears of Somalia, 18 May 2015, http://foreignpolicy.com/2011/10/10/the-tears-of-somalia/

Erol, M.S. and Altin, A. S. (2012). Turk Dis Politikasinda Afrika: Osmanli Mirasi Uzerine Ortak Gelecek (I), 15 April 2015, http://www.usgam.com/tr/index.php?l=844&cid=646&konu=0&bolge=12

Gullo, M. T. (2012). Turkey’s Somalia Adventure: The Quest for Soft Power and Regional Recognition. Centre for Policy Analysis and Research on Turkey, London: ResearchTurkey, pp. 6-9.

“History of Somalia has changed”, Dunya, 27 May 2015,

http://www.dunya.com/mobi/bozdag-history-of-somalia-has-changed-147858h.htm

“3. Havalimani Dunyanin Tarihini Degistirecek, Aksam, 21 September 2015,

http://www.aksam.com.tr/ekonomi/3-havalimani-dunyanin-tarihini-degistirecek/haber-410602

International Crisis Group (2012). Assessing Turkey’s role in Somalia. Africa Briefing No 92, pg. 3-6.

“Istanbul’da Somali Nereye Dogru Gidecek?”, Timeturk, 7 June 2015,

http://www.timeturk.com/tr/2012/05/31/somali-nereye-dogru-gidiyor.html

“II. Istanbul Somali Konferansi”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, 12 June 2015, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/2-istanbul-somali-konferansi.tr.mfa

Kamu Diplomasisi Koordinatorlugu (KDK), Bekir Bozdag ve Cevdet Yilmaz Somali ve Sudan’i Ziyaret Etti, 28 June 2015, http://www.kdk.gov.tr/haber/bekir-bozdag-ve-cevdet-yilmaz-somali-ve-sudani-ziyaret-etti/226

Kavas, A. (2001). Dogu Afrika Sahilinde Osmanli Hakimiyeti: Kuzey Somali’de Zeyla

Iskelesinin Konumu (1265-1334/1849-1916). Islam Arastirmalari Dergisi, Issue 5,pp. 112-116.

KDK, Bekir Bozdag ve Cevdet Yilmaz Somali ve Sudan’i Ziyaret Etti, 28 June 2015,

http://www.kdk.gov.tr/haber/bekir-bozdag-ve-cevdet-yilmaz-somali-ve-sudani-ziyaret-etti/226

KDK, Bekir Bozdag ve Cevdet Yilmaz Somali ve Sudan’i Ziyaret Etti, 21 July 2015,

http://www.kdk.gov.tr/haber/bekir-bozdag-ve-cevdet-yilmaz-somali-ve-sudani-ziyaret-etti/226

“Meclis Somali Tezkeresini Uzatti,” Haberevet, 29 October 2015,

http://www.haberevet.com/guncel/meclis-somali-tezkeresini-uzatti-h671575.html

“Meclis 5 Ulke ile Dostlugu Kesti,” Radikal, 21 May 2015, http://www.radikal.com.tr/politika/meclis_5_ulkeyle_dostluku_kesti-1068046.

“Military Pact between Turkey and Somali,” Resmi Gazete, 28 October 2015, http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/10/20121010-4-1.pdf

Ministry of Health (2012). Faaliyet Raporu, pg. 112, 21 August 2015,

http://www.saglik.gov.tr/TR/dosya/1-82968/h/faaliyetraporu2012.pdf

“Ortak Basin Toplantisi”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, 5 June 2015, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/sayin-bakanimizin-istanbul-somali-konferansi-sonrasi-bm-genel-sekreteri-ile-yaptigi-ortak-basin-toplantisi_-22-mayis-2010.tr.mfa

“Products in Somalia to be Inspected As Government Contracts Turkish Firm”, Somali

Current, 29 September 2015, http://www.somalicurrent.com/2015/05/24/products-in-somalia-to-be-inspected-as-govt-contracts-turkish-firm/

“Relations between Turkey and Somalia”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, 16 June 2015, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/relations-between-turkey-and-somalia.en.mfa

Sanei, E. (2013). Somali-Turkish Relations: Opportunities and Challenges, 12 March

, http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2013/01/22/somali-turkish-relations-opportunities-and-challenges/

“Sehit Polisin Adi Somali’de Yasayacak,” Haber7, 26 May 2015, http://www.haber7.com/guncel/haber/1079379-sehit-polisin-adi-somalide-yasayacak

Siradag, A. (2013). The Making of the New Turkish Foreign and Security Policy towards Africa: The Rationale, Roots and Dynamics. Africa Insights, Vol., 43, No 1, pg. 20.

“Somali and Turkey Sign Military Agreement,” Keydmedia, 28 October 2015, http://www.keydmedia.net/en/news/article/somalia_and_turkey_sign_military_agreement

Somali Embassy, President Hassan Visits Turkey, 25 May 2015, http://www.somaliembassytr.org/president-hassan-visits-turkey/4571715225

“Somali Hands over Mogadishu Seaport to Turkish Company,” Diplomat, 7 October

, http://diplomat.so/2014/09/21/somalia-hands-over-mogadishu-seaport-to-turkish-company/

“Somali-Turkish Business Forum”, Somali Council, 17 October 2015, http://www.thesomalicouncil.org/programs/turkey/Turkish.pdf

“Somali Turkiye Egitim ve Arastırma Hastanesi Hizmete Açıldı”, TİKA, 21 June 2015, http://www.tika.gov.tr/tr/haber/somali_turkiye_egitim_ve_arastirma_hastanesi_cumhurbaskani_recep_tayyip_erdogan_tarafindan_hizmete_acildi-14817

“Somali’ye Turk Firma Havalimani Yapacak”, Aksam, 24 September 2015,

http://www.aksam.com.tr/ekonomi/somaliye-turk-firma-havalimani-yapacak--162839h/haber-162839

“Somali ve Somaliland Cumhurbaskanlarinin Imzaladiklari Ankara Bildirisi”, Ministry

of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, 15 June 2015, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/somali-ve-somaliland-cumhurbaskanlarinin-imzaladiklari-ankara-bildirisi_-13-nisan-2013_-ankara.tr.mfa

“Somali’de 400 bin Insan Temiz Içme Suyuna Kavusturuldu”, TİKA, 2 July 2015, http://www.tika.gov.tr/tr/haber/somali_de_400_bin_insan_temiz_icme_suyuna_kavusturuldu-16331

“Somali’de 20 yil sonar Is Forumu”, Timeturk, 15 October 2015, http://www.timeturk.com/tr/2012/04/07/somali-de-20-yil-sonra-is-forumu.html

“500 Somalili Turkiye’de Okuyacak “, AK Parti, 18 August 2015, http://www.akparti.org.tr/site/haberler/500-somalili-ogrenci-turkiyede-okuyacak/12360#1

The Official Website of the Government of Somalia, The UN Failures, 24 April 2015, http://www.somaligov.net/TheUNFailures.html

“TİKA’dan Somali’ye Istihdam Destegi”, TRT, 22 July 2015,

http://www.trtturk.com/haber/tikadan-somaliye-istihdam-destegi-144018.html

“TİKA’nın Destegi ile Somali Tarim Okulu Ziraat Fakultesine Donusturuldu”, TİKA, 14 July 2015, http://www.tika.gov.tr/tr/haber/tikanin_destegiyle_somali_tarim_okulu_ziraat_fakultesine_donusturuldu-8072

Torun, K., 28 May 2015, http://www.kanitorun.com.tr/

“TSK’da Egitim Alan Somalili Askerler Mezun Oldu,” Ensonhaber, 27 October 2015, http://www.ensonhaber.com/tskda-egitim-alan-somalili-askerler-mezun-oldu-2014-07-15.html

“TSK Somali Askerini Egitecek”, Yenisafak,” 29 October 2015, http://www.yenisafak.com/gundem/tsk-somali-askerini-egitecek-495667

“Turkey, Somali Sign Military Training Pact”, Trend, 21 October 2015, http://en.trend.az/world/turkey/1692644.html

“Turkis Company Transfers $1.58200 to Somali Government as Port Revenue of a

Month”, Raxanreeb, 3 October 2015, http://www.raxanreeb.com/2014/11/somalia-turkish-company-transfers-1-582000-to-somali-government-as-port-revenue-of-a-month-photos/

“Turkiye’den Somali’ye 1 Milyon Dolar Destek,” Yeniasir, 30 October 2015 http://www.yeniasir.com.tr/politika/2012/06/02/turkiyeden-somaliye-1-milyon-dolar-destek

“Turkiye’nin 2013 yili Toplam Kalkinma Yardimlari 43 Milyar Dolari Asti”, KDK, 17 July 2015, http://kdk.gov.tr/haber/turkiyenin-2013-yili-toplam-kalkinma-yardimlari-43-milyar-dolari-asti/500

TurkKızılayı (2015). Somalia, pp. 3-16, 29 July 2015,

http://riga.emb.mfa.gov.tr/images/localCache/1/3211cb2a-2d50-4984-b0c0-7a2d47437867.pdf

Ugur, H. (2005). Afrika Kitasinda Osmanli Varligi, 1 April 2015, http://www.anlayis.net/makaleGoster.aspx?dergiid=22&makaleid=4142




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/isjss.v2i2.86

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Abdurrahim Siradag

Inquiry - Sarajevo Journal of Social Sciences is currently Indexed/Abstracted.