Natalia Bueno, Roger Morefield


The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between women’s empowerment and poverty, topics that are part of the UN Millennium Development Goals. An analysis of a sample of 36 low and middle income countries divided equally among 6 different regions shows that education and health are important factors in determining the level of development. Findings suggest that the implementation of certain types of programs empower women and gradually alleviate poverty.


Women Empowerment, Poverty Reduction, Developing Countries.

Full Text:



Ahmed, S., Creanga, A. A., Gillespie, D. G., & Tsui, A. O. (2010). Economic Status, Education and Empowerment: Implications for Maternal Health Service Utilization in Developing Countries. PloS ONE, 5(6), 1-6.

Awan, M. S., Malik, N., Sarwar, H., & Waqas, M. (2011). Impact of Education on Poverty Reduction. International Journal of Academic Research, 3(1), 660- 665.

Banerjee, A. V., & Duflo, E. (2008). Mandated Empowerment. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1136, 333-341.

Booysne, A., Fourie, F. C., & Botes, L. J. (2011). The development status of women in South Africa: Patterns and progress in the provinces. Development Southern Africa, 28(1), 99-119.

Campbell, M. L., & Teghtsoonian, K. (2010). Aid Effectiveness and Women’s Empowerment: Practices of Governance in the Funding of International Development. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society, 36(1), 177-201.

Do, M., & Kurimoto, N. (2012). Women’s Empowerment and Choice of Contraceptive Methods in Selected African Countries. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38(1), 23-33.

Dorius, S. F., & Firebaugh, G. (2010). Trends in Global Gender Inequality. Social Forces, 88(5), 1941-1968.

Ezeh, C., Anyiro, C., Ehiemere, I., & Obioma, N. (2012). Gender Issues on Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Nigeria; the Case of the National Fadama 1 Development Project in Abia State,Nigeria. Agris On-Line Papers in Economics & Informatics, 4(3), 15-20.

International Monetary Fund. (2013, August 5). Data and Statistics: World Economic Outlook Database, October 2010. Retrieved from The IMF Web site: http:// www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=28

Islam, M., Ali, R., Salehin, M., & Islam, A. (2008). Rural Women and Poverty: A study on the role of RDRS for poverty alleviation in Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University, 6(2), 415-421.

Jayaweera, S. (1997). Women, Education and Empowerment in Asia. Gender and Education, 9(4), 411-423.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. (2010). UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010. UNAIDS Corporate.

Kadam, A. (2013). Women Empowerment: A Multidimensional Approach. Golden Research Thoughts, 2(7), 1-5.

Krishnan, S., Dunbar, M. S., Minnis, A. M., Medlin, C. A., Gerdts, C. E., & Padian, N. S. (2008). Poverty, Gender Inequities, and Women’s Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1136(1), 101-110.

Malik, S. (2011). Higher Education and Women’s Empowerment in Pakistan. Gender and Education, 23(1), 29-45.

Medel-Anonuevo, Carolyn, Ed. (1995). Women, Education and Empowerment: Pathways towards Autonomy. UIE Studies 5, 25.

Murphy-Graham, E. (2008). Opening the black box: women’s empowerment and innovative secondary education in Honduras. Gender and Education, 20(1), 31- 50.

Mutongu, Z. B. (2012). Women’s Participation in Community-Based Organizations’ Development as a Strategy for Poverty Reduction in Kenya. Priscilla Papers, 26(1), 10-17.

Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. (2007-2014). Global MPI: MPI 2013: MPI Data Bank. Retrieved from OPHDI Web site: http://www.ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/mpi-data-bank/

Salt, R. J. (2010). Exploring Women’s Participation in a U.S. Microcredit Program. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 42(3), 270-277.

Shetty, S. (2010). Microcredit, Poverty and Empowerment: Exploring the Connections. Perspective on Global Development and Technology, 9(3/4), 356-391.

Sindhe, J. (2013). Sustainable Women Empowerment throught Micro Finance in India. Global Research Thoughts, 2(12), 1.

The World Bank Group. (2014). Data. Retrieved from The World Bank Web Site: http://data.worldbank.org/

United Nations Development Programme. (2014). UNDP: Human Development Reports: Data. Retrieved from UNDP Web site: http://www.hdr.undp.org/en/data

Varghese, T. (2011). Women Empowerment in Oman: A study based on Women Empowerment Index. Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, 2(2), 37-49.

Yousefy, A., & Baratali, M. (2011). Women, Employment and Higher education schoolings. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 3861-3869.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/isjss.v2i2.80


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Natalia Bueno, Roger Morefield

Inquiry - Sarajevo Journal of Social Sciences is currently Indexed/Abstracted.